District wise crop production in Jharkhand:There is no shortage of cultivable land in Jharkhand, but water does not reach those fields, due to which most of the farmers depend on rain for farming. But now the situation is changing. The irrigated area is increasing. Water level in many areas has also improved through the Jalchhajan project and farmers are getting water throughout the year for farming.
Farmers of Simdega district of Jharkhand are no longer dependent on rain for agriculture. Now they are growing two to three crops in a year. Because they now have availability of water. The picture of these areas has changed through the state watershed project. The water level has increased, farming has increased, farmers’ income has increased, their lives are improving.
District wise crop production in Jharkhand Work done in Simdega and Pakartand block
Under the Government Watershed Project, work was done for water conservation in the villages of Simdega and Pakartand blocks of Simdega district. The benefit of this was that today the water level has risen on 625 hectares of land in both these blocks. Now farmers grow two to three crops in a year on this land. His earnings have increased. Bilas Toppo, a farmer of Pakartand block, says that about 25 hectares of land has become cultivable again in his village.Earlier, he could do farming only once in a year. But now the water level in the village has gone up. Due to this, water remains in the well and pond, so that now they are able to do agriculture throughout the year. Earlier one had to depend only on rain water for irrigation.
Work done in these villages
TCB (Trench Cum Bund) and VAT (WAT) were made in the villages of Simdega and Pakartand block under Jalchhajan project. Its fields were fenced and dobhas were made. About 10 revenue villages and 80 tolas of these two blocks benefited from this. Work was done on five hectares of land in Chiksura village, 10 hectares of land in Tamra.
District wise crop production in Jharkhand work started in 2016
In order to improve agriculture through water conservation in Jharkhand and to promote agriculture-based works, the state watershed project was started under RIDF (Rural Infrastructure Development Fund) in the year 2016. Apart from Simdega, 29 of its projects are currently underway in other districts of the state. TCBs are made under the project. VAT is made in many places. Apart from this, fencing is done and dobha is done.
Advantages of TCB
In Jharkhand, TCB is also being made under MNREGA. Better results are coming. But there is a difference in the size of TCB made under watershed and TCB made under MNREGA. The length of TCB which is made under watershed is 20 feet. While the width and depth are two and a half feet. According to Agriculture Expert Ajay Kumar, one crore liters of water is saved in a year from TCB made in one acre.
watershed project target
Ajay Kumar, who is associated with the Jalchhajan project as an agriculture expert, said that the purpose of the project is to save water, to save the water forest. Apart from this, along with saving the cultivable land, it has to be protected. Emphasis is on increasing the income of farmers while promoting fisheries by construction of ponds and dobhas. Apart from this, along with farming, animal husbandry has to be promoted. So that the income of farmers increases, their children should study in good schools. in order to improve their standard of living.
cultivable land available in jharkhand
There is a lot of potential for agriculture in Jharkhand. The state has a total of 79 lakh hectares of land, out of which 38 lakh hectares is cultivable. But only 25 lakh hectares can be cultivated. While 12 lakh hectares of land is not cultivated. Apart from this, most of the 38 lakh hectares of land is rainfed farming. Because irrigation facilities have not been developed. While continuous efforts are being made for this.