Crops in India UPSC agricultural scientist information

Crops in India UPSC:These are the essential agricultural work for the farmers in the month of July, know everything about the seeds and fertilizers of maize, market, urad and moong.

crops

The month of July is very important for Kharif crops. Paddy is the main crop of this month. But urad, moong, bajra, maize and jowar are also sown. According to agricultural scientists, the transplanting of paddy should be completed by the month of July at any cost. Also, use the first third dose of urea 6 to 8 days after transplanting, when the plants have taken root well. After a week, visit the fields where the seedlings have been planted and see if the plants have died anywhere. Plant new plants at the places where the plants have died.

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Crops in India UPSC(1) Urad and Moong

According to agricultural scientists, sowing of urad and moong should be done when the rains start. If there is a delay in the rains, the sowing of these crops should be completed in the first fortnight of July. These crops should be sown in rows made at a distance of 30-45 cm from seed drill or desi plow. Plant to plant distance should be made 7-10 cm by weeding.

(2) Know about its seeds and medicines

According to the varieties, the suitable seed rate of urad and moong is 15-20 kg per hectare. Both the crops require 20 kg nitrogen, 40 kg phosphorus and 20 kg sulfur per hectare. Entire quantity of these fertilizers should be applied at the time of sowing. If weed control is to be done by chemical method, then one kg of Pendimethalin should be dissolved in 800 liters of water and sprayed in one hectare within 1-2 days of sowing.

Crops in India UPSC(3) Sowing of millet

According to the scientists of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, the sowing of millet in North India should be finished in the first fortnight of July. Millet crop can be grown in all types of soil with proper drainage. Heavy soil is not favorable for millet. More fertile lands are also not required for millet. For this, sandy-loam soil is suitable.

(4) Use of manure

For irrigated area, Nitrogen-80 kg, Phosphorus-40 kg and Potash @ 40 kg per hectare will be required. Whereas for rainfed areas, Nitrogen-60 kg, Phosphorus-30 kg and 30 kg potash will be required. Under all circumstances, half dose of nitrogen and full dose of phosphorous and potash should be applied at a depth of about 3-4 cm. The remaining amount of nitrogen should be scattered in the field after 4-5 weeks from germination and mixed well in the soil.

(5) Sowing of maize and baby corn

This time is suitable for sowing of maize and baby corn. In North India its sowing should be finished by mid-July. Maize can be grown in all types of soil. But, sandy-loam to loamy soils are suitable for good growth and productivity of maize.

Crops in India UPSC Main varieties of maize grown in North India:-

Crops in India UPSC Early maturing varieties: PEHM-2, Vivek Hybrid Maize-4, Prakash, Vivek-21, 27 & 33, PEHM-3, PEHM-5, PMH-2. – Medium maturing varieties: KH-510, Bio-9637, Jawahar Maize, MMH-69, HM-10, MHM-2. – Full Maturity Varieties: KH-528, Seedtac-2324, Sheetal, Buland, PHH-3.Special Maize Varieties: Babycorn-VL78, PEHM-2, PEHM-5, VL Babycorn-1, Popcorn-Amberpop, VL Amber Pop, Pearl Pop.

sorghum sowing

The best time for sowing jowar in North India is the first week of July. In rainfed areas, jowar should be sown within a week of the first monsoon rains. Generally 12-15 kg seed is required for sowing one hectare area. The sowing distance should be kept 45 cm (row to row) and 15 cm from plant to plant. Row sowing can be done in troughs behind indigenous plow or by seed drill.

District Wise Crop Production In Jharkhand

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